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    How is insemination performed? the Number of Sperms

  • The woman usually is given medications to stimulate development of multiple eggs and the insemination is timed to coincide with ovulation –release of the eggs.
  • A semen sample provided by masturbation after 2-5 days of abstinence from ejaculation.
  • The semen is “washed” in the laboratory (called sperm processing or sperm washing). The sperm is separated from the other components of the semen and concentrated in a small volume. Various media and techniques are used for the washing and separation. Sperm processing takes about 30-60 minutes.
  • A speculum is placed in the vagina and the cervical area is gently cleaned.
  • The washed specimen of highly motile sperm is placed either in the cervix (intracervical insemination, ICI) or higher in the uterine cavity (intrauterine insemination, IUI) using a sterile, flexible catheter.
  • The intrauterine insemination procedure, seems similar to a pap smear for the woman. There is little or no discomfort.