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Causes, symptoms, and treatment of low sperm count

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Causes, symptoms, and treatment of low sperm count

Often when couples try to start a family and are unable to conceive, they undergo a variety of medical treatments. When identifying the causes, the general assumption is to examine the issues of female infertility. Due to a lack of awareness of male fertility issues, couples delay considering male fertility tests, an equally common cause of unsuccessful insemination.

Infertility is more prevalent due to low sperm count  than most couples think. While many tests are being done for the diagnosis of female infertility, not many people know about the fertility test of men and their infertility treatment in Ahmedabad.

What is a low sperm count?

This is known as oligospermia, a low semen count is a condition when the semen count per milliliter is less than fifteen million. However, if the sperm count in the semen is no or negligible, the condition is called Azoospermia. A low sperm count reduces the chances of one of the sperm being fertilized with a partner’s egg, leading to a failed pregnancy.

What causes low sperm count?

Let us understand the various reasons that can reduce the number of semen in men:


A Varicocele is a type of inflammation of the veins within the testicle and can occur as a result of poorly functioning valves found in the veins. Although this has not been proven, it has been found that varicocele is the main cause of male infertility as it reduces both the production and quality of semen.

Retrograde Ejaculation

Another reason for low sperm count is prejudicial ejaculation where during intercourse the semen goes to the bladder instead of rising from the top of the penis. Some medical conditions such as diabetes, spinal cord injury can cause premature ejaculation. Although not harmful, it has been identified as a major cause of male infertility.

High Temperature

One of the most common environmental reasons for low sperm count is high temperature. This not only impairs sperm production but also affects its function. It has been found that frequent use of a sauna / hot tub or living/working in a high-temperature environment can reduce the quality and number of sperm.

Other reasons for low sperm count include:

  • Excess use of digital devices
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Emotional depression and stress
  • Poor sperm morphology
  • Medical treatment such as chemotherapy
  • Some genetic disorders and diseases such as celiac disease
  • Exposure to specific industrial chemicals
  • High levels of anti-sperm antibodies in semen
  • Weak or stagnant semen
  • Being overweight (obesity)

What are the symptoms of low sperm count?

In addition to failing to conceive a female partner, low sperm counts show no obvious symptoms. But if you experience any of the following symptoms, you should consult a doctor:

  • Problems with sexual activity – for example, low sex drive or difficulty maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)
  • Pain, swelling, or lumps in the area of the testicles
  • Loss of facial or body hair or other signs of chromosomal or hormonal abnormalities

What therapies are available for low sperm count?

Low sperm count can be treated differently depending on its severity and whether your IVF center in Ahmedabad is more suitable for your unique condition.

Lifestyle changes

In many cases, the fertility health of the male partner improves but the sperm count improves by changing some lifestyle factors. These factors include:

Eating foods rich in foods that promote fertility, such as fish, fruits, walnuts, vegetables, etc. The goal is to increase intake of omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, and essential vitamins.

Exercises that improve overall blood circulation and help you lose more weight also help increase semen counts. It also promotes positivity and peace of mind, primarily helping to improve fertility health.

Quit substances and habits that interfere with your sperm count, such as smoking, drinking alcohol, etc.


Some therapeutic supplements help increase the levels of the antioxidant, testosterone hormone and promote sperm production. Some of these prescription drugs include:

  • Vitamin c supplements
  • D-aspartic acid (D-AA) supplements
  • Vitamin d supplements
  • Coenzyme Q10 supplements
  • Limited amount of zinc supplements

ICSI Treatment

ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) is the most effective infertility treatment in Ahmedabad that provides a high degree of control and accuracy in dealing with male infertility factors such as low sperm count.

In this treatment, the female partner’s eggs are retrieved and prepared for fertilization. Sperm are extracted directly from the male testicles through the PESA or TESA/TESE procedure performed by a trained infertility specialist in Ahmedabad.

A micromanipulator machine is used to locate the egg manually and sperm is inserted into it with an ultra-thin micro-needle. The rest of the fertilization process takes place in a naturally controlled environment, as in the in-vitro fertilization (IVF) process. Although it can be recommended to any couple based on their unique infertility problems, ICSI is mostly recommended to work with the above-mentioned causes and symptoms of male infertility.

Being one of the safest and most successful procedures, ICSI has become the common treatment sought by men suffering from infertility problems. For male infertility treatment in Ahmedabad, couples choose Sunflower Women’s Hospital where we adopt the best assisted reproductive technology (ART) equipment and devices to achieve successful pregnancies in minimal IVF cycles.

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