Most people are well aware of the harmful health risks of smoking such as cancer, emphysema, heart disease, etc. The lesser-known fact is that smoking also affects male and female fertility health. Everyone should realize that sooner or later in life they plan to have a baby, smoking can significantly affect the health of their reproductive system.
Effect of smoking on male infertility
Men, who smoke, have lower sperm counts and decreased sperm motility than those who do not. Some studies also show that male smokers are more likely to produce sperm that are genetically abnormal. If the female partner conceives, the risk of genetic damage is significantly increased in the risk of conception or conception of a developing child.
Effect of smoking on female infertility
Women who smoke take longer to conceive than women. They have low levels of estrogen which inhibits egg growth and maturation. Smoking is known to prevent proper ovulation by damaging the lupus tube and reducing ovarian reserves, especially according to the quality and calculation of the egg.
IVF On women undergoing treatment
The rate of smoking in women undergoing IVF treatment is greatly reduced. This is most likely due to the fact that smoking causes vascular problems that impede fetal implantation in the uterine wall. Therefore women who opt for IVF treatment are advised to quit smoking before starting any reproductive process.
Effect on the unborn child
Even if a woman succeeds in conceiving, other harmful effects of smoking can hinder her chances of conceiving. These effects include:
- Premature birth
- Reduced birth weight
- Pre-term related deaths
- Increased risk of congenital defects
- Death due to sudden infant death syndrome
Research has also suggested that smoking hinders the development of a healthy fertility system in the unborn baby which may result in reduced fertility in the future child. For example, studies have shown that women who smoke during pregnancy are at risk of giving birth to young children with low sperm counts . Babies born to parents who smoke are more likely to have respiratory infections such as asthma and diarrhea.
Quitting smoking may not be easy but at the same time, it is not impossible. If you are planning to have a baby, it is not only appropriate but also necessary that you cut down and eventually stop smoking. it may require a lot of effort and discipline from your end, but when you hold your child in your arms for the first time, that joy cannot match.
You need to consult India best IVF doctor and she/he can guide you in which treatment plan will suit your condition the best. You should ask the doctor: